HISTORY AND PURPOSES OF KARATEDO
The art of self-defense with an empty hand from is coming from its origins from prehistoric times since primitive men first appeared in earth. The man suffered attacks from animals and the same human beings. The primitive man has to use an effective self-defense to preserve his life from the attacks of others.
There is evidence that in Okinawa they had their own self-defense system.
As a result of the arrival of several groups from China, people from Okinawa selected the best styles from China and combined them with their own style and therefore, a unique style of defense was defined and became known with different names, among them: Te, Tode, Todi, Toti, Tote, Unankarate and Karate.
Finally, The great Master Gichin Funakoshi went to the main island of Japan to meet the main martial arts organization known as Butoku-kai. In this meeting there was defined the use of the empty hand word, which finally got the name of ‘Karatedo’. It is important to mention that martial arts were focusing the development of one self so it is why Karatedo was named like the other martial arts using the suffix of ‘do” like Judo, Iaido and Kendo.
This historical change in the real use of the art as Karatedo was not well focused properly for many practitioners and it is why the misuse of it. Based in history the correct name to be use for our training is Karatedo. The meaningful expression of it is: The philosophical path of the empty hand for the improvement of the individual in spirit, mind and body. The word ‘do’ indicates the practice of the unique law it means the philosophical aspect in a high degree. It is the philosophy of Ying and Yang applied to the human behavior.
Karatedo has to be practiced in all its extension as a self-defense method, as a discipline, as a philosophy, as a sport and as an exercise. If there is no a practice with these goals then we lose respect, humility and support to other people. Karatedo is an art of brotherhood, which disciplines the student to focus a better living in society and as a good example for others.
The development of Karatedo in Okinawa brings different styles according to the influence from different sources and then they became known as:
- Shorin-Ryu (Kobayashi-Shorin - Ishimine-Ryu
- Goju-Ryu - Toyama-Ryu
- Uechi-Ryu - Shorin-Ryu (Matsubayashi-Shorin)
- Motobu-Ryu - Kushin-Ryu
- Shorinji-Ryu - Shito-Ryu
- Chubushorin-Ryu - Kojo-Ryu (Kongusuku-Ryu
- Nanbushorin-Ryu - Ryuei-Ryu
- Matsumura Shorin-Ryu - Isshin-Ryu